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    Date of Reishi mushroom (box I)


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    عدد المساهمات : 300
    تاريخ التسجيل : 23/07/2010

    Date of Reishi mushroom (box I)

    مُساهمة  صلاح العسيلي في الإثنين يوليو 26, 2010 7:04 am

    Red Reishi
    World Health Publishing Inc.
    330 - 1501 West Broadway
    Vancouver, B.C.
    V6J 4Z6
    Copyright©2003 by World Health Publishing Inc.
    First Edition
    ISBN: 0-9732103-2-X
    All rights reserved.
    No part of this book may be reproduced in any form without the expressed written consent of
    the publisher, except by a reviewer, who may quote brief passages in connection with a review.
    Author: Wong Shu Sing
    Project Editor: Trevor Lai
    Editorial Consultant: Brad K. Moy, M.D.
    Art Director: Catmagic Animation Workshop
    Cover Designer: Design Square
    Printer: Leanne Communications Inc.
    Printed in China
    Reishi (also known as "Ling Zhi" in China) has been known
    to the Asian world for over 2,000 years. Its miraculous healthenhancing
    applications have been employed by Oriental cultures
    for centuries, but have only been introduced to the Western world
    in the last 30 years.
    Reishi is the legendary wizard of all superior medicinal
    herbs because of its apparent medical efficacy and the absence of
    unfavorable side-effects and toxins resulting from consumption.
    Because of its rarity in nature, reishi was reserved primarily for Asian
    royalty and wealthy individuals until the late 20th century, when
    cultivation of red reishi mushrooms by the Japanese made the once
    rare fungi plant more widely available to the general populace
    around the world.
    This book provides an in-depth introduction on the history
    and the medicinal value of the red reishi species. Reishi
    mushrooms have been widely used by Chinese Traditional
    Medicine (TCM) practitioners for ages as an alternative approach to
    health and treatment modalities. However, such an approach has
    not been widely endorsed by Western medicine due to the lack of
    extensive research by those practitioners. A growing number of
    Western medical doctors and researchers are now working to
    better understand herbal therapies such as red reishi consumption
    so that they can help you make informed health care decisions. It
    has been reported that many people who choose herbal therapy
    rely mostly on their family and friends for information. We
    recommend that if you do choose herbal therapy, be sure to
    consult a doctor with some basic knowledge in Chinese medicine
    As many of the medical applications described in this book
    are, by definition, alternative, they have not been fully researched,
    approved, nor endorsed by any government or regulatory agency
    in the Western world. Accordingly, this book should not be
    substituted for the advice and care of a physician or other licensed
    health-care professional. Pregnant women, in particular, are urged
    to consult a physician before commencing any therapy.
    Ultimately, you must take full responsibility for your own health.
    The authors and publisher disclaim any responsibility for how you
    use the information in this book and any of the claims made herein.

    Foreword ..........................................................................................................................4
    Chapter 1 An Introduction to Reishi ......................................................................9
    Chapter 2 The Key Types of Reishi .......................................................................13
    Chapter 3 Physical Characteristics and Chemical Composition of Red
    Chapter 4 Body & Mind: Using Red Reishi to Improve Your Health.........21
    Chapter 5 Health-Enhancing Applications of Red Reishi ............................23
    Chapter 6 How Red Reishi can Improve Your Physical Appearance .......31
    Chapter 7 On the Road to Better Health with Reishi.....................................33
    Chapter 8 The Cultivation of Red Reishi ............................................................35
    Chapter 9 Selecting the Right Reishi Product for You ..................................41
    Chapter 10 Reishi Spores & Mycelium................................................................47
    Resources You can Use for More Information about Reishi..........................51
    An Introduction to Reishi
    In China, for over 2,000 years, the mushroom known as
    Reishi (Ganoderma lucidum) has been called “God’s Herb”. Also
    recognized by its Chinese name, Ling Zhi, Reishi’s reputation for
    being effective in treating a wide range of ailments moved Chinese
    Emperors throughout the various Dynasties to order servants to
    search for wild Reishi mushrooms found atop distant mountains,
    believing that the consumption of Reishi would grant them eternal
    youth and enhanced health. Because of the mushroom’s remote
    habitat and the scarcity of high-quality specimens, the use of Reishi
    for medicinal purposes was reserved primarily for royalty and
    wealthy individuals. It was not until the late 20th century, that this
    once-rare plant, through diligent cultivation by the Japanese, was it
    made widely available to the general public.
    C h a p t e r 1
    The original textbook of Oriental medical science, “Herbal
    Pharmacopoeia”, was compiled by the founding father of Chinese
    medicine, Shen Nong (Han Dynasty, 206 BC ~ 8 AD). In it, the
    legendary herbalist-emperor documented 365 species of plants
    and classified them into three categories: superior, average and
    fair. These classifications were based on two main criteria: its
    benefits, based on consumption on a continual basis, and side
    effects. For those plants graded as “superior”, the power to
    harmonize the functions of the body, mind and spirit and the range
    of ailments they could treat were greater and broader than those of
    weaker specimens. In addition, they had to have little or no longterm
    side effects. Among the specimens in this class, Reishi was
    ranked the highest in this classic medical text, even superior to the
    well known ginseng.
    In the “Compendium of Materia Medica” (Ben Cao Gang
    Mu), which contains hundreds of natural medicines the Chinese
    have used for thousands of years, celebrated physician and
    naturalist Li Shi Zhen (1518~1593) described the benefits of Reishi:
    C h a p t e r 1
    It benefits the life energy, or "qi" of the heart, repairing
    the chest area and benefiting those with a knotted
    and tight chest. Taken over a long period of time,
    agility of the body will not cease, and the years are
    lengthened to those of the Immortal Fairies.
    Over the ages, Reishi has become ingrained in Oriental art
    and culture because of its prestigious status in Traditional Chinese
    Medicine (TCM). Since the first Chinese dynasty, paintings,
    embroideries, buildings, and sculptures of the gods and immortals
    have depicted Reishi as a symbol of divinity, longevity and good
    fortune. Depictions of Reishi are displayed throughout the
    Forbidden City and the Summer Palace in Beijing as a testimony to
    its value, and the mushroom’s distinctive shape was a favorite
    ornamental design feature used by royalty and the wealthy. Even
    the traditional scepter of the emperors of China was a stylized
    Reishi, called a "Ru Yi".
    C h a p t e r 1
    Reishi was further immortalized as the ultimate healing
    substance and spiritual herb of China in the classic Chinese fairy
    tale, "The White Snake", wherein a mystical heroine stole a magical
    Reishi plant from the gods to save the life of her human lover. The
    celestial battle for the Reishi rivaled the battles portrayed in
    Homer's Iliad and is a story known by virtually every Chinese
    C h a p t e r 1
    The Key Types of Reishi
    Although there are more than 2000 known species of
    Reishi, only six kinds have been studied in greater detail to uncover
    potential health benefits – red, black, blue, white, yellow and
    purple Reishi. Of these six types, black and red Reishi have
    demonstrated the most significant health-enhancing effects, and
    both are therefore widely used in the global health supplement
    market today. However, red Reishi has been proven to be the most
    effective in improving one’s overall health by enhancing the
    immune system, many bodily functions, and vital organs.
    Black Reishi (Ganoderma
    sinensis), is fairly common and
    can be found in most Chinese
    herbal shops. This species of
    Ganoderma tends to be
    unevenly shaped and can
    measure up to ten inches in
    diameter, although most mature
    specimens are about six inches in
    diameter. The majority of Reishi
    products that claim to be using
    "wild" Reishi generally use black
    Reishi. While it still possesses
    some value as a moderate herbal
    C h a p t e r 2
    Six types of Reishi mushrooms
    tonic, black Reishi is considered to be inferior to red Reishi because
    of its lower polysaccharide content.
    Wild purple Reishi grows in the Chang Bai Mountains,
    north of North Korea in Jilin province of China. They are extremely
    rare and very similar to red Reishi in appearance, but have a
    significant purple coloration in the heart of the mushroom cap.
    There has been limited research and testing on this type of Reishi,
    due in large part to the scarcity of authentic purple Reishi
    It is the very high content of polysaccharides (complex
    sugars) in red Reishi that makes it particularly potent. However,
    due to harsh environmental conditions, the instability of wild red
    Reishi in nature, and its vulnerability to pollution, disease, and
    insect infestations, the number of high quality red Reishi specimens
    that can reach full maturity in the wild is rare.
    As a result, approximately
    30 years ago, scientists and farmers
    began experimenting with different
    methods of domestic cultivation for
    mass production. Since then,
    Japanese producers in particular,
    C h a p t e r 2
    Dried fruit body of a kidney-shaped
    red Reishi
    have earned the reputation of growing the highest quality red
    Reishi, thanks in part to strict regulations set by the Japanese
    government to uphold quality and trade standards. The complex
    cultivation process developed by Japanese scientists and farmers is
    detailed further in Chapter 5 of this booklet.
    Because of the extensive research conducted to
    investigate the health benefits of red Reishi, and the proliferation of
    red Reishi products in the marketplace, this booklet focuses
    primarily on this specific kind of Reishi.
    C h a p t e r 2
    Physical Characteristics and Chemical
    Composition of Red Reishi
    Since mushrooms have become staples of a healthy diet,
    much information has been gathered in the biological study of
    fungi. The object of the following section is not to duplicate the indepth
    explanation of such studies, but rather to provide a general
    description of the physical components of red Reishi fungi and its
    chemical constituents.
    The body of a red Reishi mushroom
    consists of three main parts:
    • a kidney-shaped cap
    • the stem or shaft of the mushroom
    • spores
    The stem of the plant draws the nutrients from the wood
    on which it is growing. In nature, the mushroom flourishes mainly
    on the dried trunks of dead plum, guercus serrata or pasonia trees,
    while red Reishi cultivated in Japan is usually cultured by grafting
    the Reishi fungi onto aged Japanese oak.
    Just as "we are what we eat," the quality of a red Reishi
    mushroom also depends heavily on the nutrients found in its
    habitat. The quantity and quality of these nutrients determine the
    size of the mushroom’s cap. As the red Reishi approaches maturity,
    C h a p t e r 3
    spores are produced and are
    eventually released into the
    air. Because of the hard outer
    husks of these spores,
    germination is next to
    impossible, contributing to the
    rarity of fully-grown red Reishi
    mushrooms in the wild.
    Red Reishi mushrooms are primarily composed of complex
    carbohydrates called polysaccharides, triterpeniods, proteins and
    amino acids. Studies indicate that it is these polysaccharides, the
    most active element found in red Reishi, that are responsible for
    C h a p t e r 3
    Reishi crop 3 weeks before harvest
    Structural analysis of anti-tumor polysaccharides -(1 6) and -(1 3)-D-glucan
    strengthening the body’s immune system. Medical practitioners in
    China and Japan have long used herbs like ginseng, brasenia and
    astragalus – which all share red Reishi’s high polysaccharide
    content – to decrease the side effects of chemotherapy suffered by
    cancer patients.
    In addition, ganoderic acids in red Reishi have also been
    shown to help alleviate common allergies by inhibiting the
    chemical mediators of inflammation, including histamine release.
    Aside from the exceptionally high polysaccharide content,
    no exclusive or unique ingredient has yet been identified in red
    Reishi that can be credited for the mushroom’s remarkable health
    enhancing abilities. It is more likely that the potency of the
    mushroom lies in the combination of its chemical constituents – a
    natural illustration of the idea that “the whole is more than the sum
    of its parts”.
    C h a p t e r 3
    Body & Mind
    Using Red Reishi to Improve Your Health
    Perhaps red Reishi's greatest potential medical benefit is
    its ability to strengthen the body's immune system. Consumption
    of red Reishi is therefore considered preventive and immune
    enhancing, rather than treatment of a specific disease.
    Red Reishi is gaining credence as a potential example of
    what the Royal Medical Society has termed an "adaptogen" - a
    treatment concept that is said to help the body adapt to stresses of
    various kinds; these stressors may be temperature, trauma, sleep
    deprivation, exposure to toxins, radiation, infection, or
    psychological stress. Like adaptogens, red Reishi shares the
    properties of causing no side effects with regular consumption; it is
    effective in dealing with a wide variety of illnesses; and it helps an
    organism return to a normal and balanced state.
    Furthermore, regular consumption of red Reishi can
    significantly improve the functioning of the immune system. Red
    Reishi acts as an immune modulator - a substance that regulates,
    and fine-tunes the immune system. The primary responsibility of
    the immune system is to detect pathogens such as viruses, bacteria
    and other microbes that invade the body. Under normal
    circumstances, an intact immune system is capable of detering
    most of these organisms before it causes any damage. However, if
    the immune system is compromised, viruses, bacteria, parasites
    C h a p t e r 4
    and fungi can proliferate and cause disease. Antibiotics, anti-viral
    agents, and anti-fungal medications are the mainstay of current
    therapy. Even though they can be effective, every treatment carries
    a potential side effect. In addition, repeated use of these
    medications can cause microbes to mutate and develop resistance.
    Consuming red Reishi eliminates these problems.
    Red Reishi is also gaining acceptance for its use as an
    adjunct to combating the unpleasant side effects associated with
    radiation and chemotherapy for cancer treatment.
    Authentic red Reishi products have also demonstrated
    exceptional anti-stress properties that help improve memory, ease
    tension, and sharpen concentration. Its potency is particularly
    noteworthy in the treatment of degenerative diseases that affect
    primarily the elderly, such as Alzheimer's disease and other forms of
    C h a p t e r 4
    Health-Enhancing Applications of Red Reishi
    Throughout the ages, the consumption of red Reishi has
    been linked to the treatment of a vast range of diseases, common
    ailments, and conditions. From asthma to zoster, the applications of
    red Reishi seem to be related to a multitude of body organs and
    Although some product manufacturers use this
    information as proof that red Reishi can be used to treat these
    maladies directly, there is no sufficient medical evidence to support
    this claim to date. However, most of the scientific research that has
    been conducted appears to strongly support red Reishi’s role as a
    normalizing substance - a nutritional supplement that can yield
    medical benefits through its normalization and regulation of the
    body’s organs and functions.
    The previous chapter provided a general outline of the
    overall benefits derived from the consumption of red Reishi. The
    following is a list of specific conditions for which regular
    consumption of red Reishi and products consisting of authentic red
    Reishi extract has been shown to have some beneficial effects.
    Please note that although many of the medical applications listed
    below have been supported by researchers in both the medical and
    nutritional science fields, the information below should be treated
    as observations gathered over time based on individual
    cases, and

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